Mechanism and regulation of transcriptional elongation by RNA polymerase II

Curr Opin Cell Biol. 1999 Jun;11(3):342-6. doi: 10.1016/S0955-0674(99)80047-7.


Over the past few years, biochemical and genetic studies have shed considerable light on the structure and function of the RNA polymerase II (pol II) elongation complex and the transcription factors that control it. Novel elongation factors have been identified and their mechanisms of action characterized in increasing detail; new insights into the biological roles of elongation factors have been gained from genetic studies of the regulation of mRNA synthesis in yeast; and intriguing links between the pol II elongation machinery and the pathways of DNA repair and recombination have emerged.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • RNA Polymerase II / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics*


  • Transcription Factors
  • RNA Polymerase II