Objective: To compare the effects of monthly intra-muscular injections of a long acting preparation of octreotide, Sandostatin LAR, with multiple daily subcutaneous injections of octreotide and to study the interrelationships between mean 24 h growth hormone profile, serum total and free IGF-1 levels, 24 h urinary growth hormone levels and serum IGFBP-3.
Design: Patients were assessed by 24 h GH profile off octreotide or any other GH modifying drug therapy; on subcutaneous octreotide (200-600 micrograms daily in divided doses for six weeks); and 28 days after the second of two injections of Sandostatin LAR (20 mg by intra-muscular injection) administered 28 days apart. Serum total and free IGF-1, serum IGFBP-3 and 24 h urinary GH were also measured on each occasion.
Results: Sandostatin LAR was well tolerated. None of the patients reported any adverse effect and all completed the study uneventfully. Mean GH off treatment was 10.1 +/- 3.0 micrograms/l falling equally significantly (P < 0.05) during therapy with subcutaneous octreotide to 3.0 +/- 0.7 micrograms/l and Sandostatin LAR to 2.8 +/- 0.7 micrograms/l. Fasting 0900 h GH was significantly reduced (P < 0.05) on Sandostatin LAR (3.0 +/- 0.7 micrograms/l) compared with subcutaneous octreotide (5.1 +/- 1.2 micrograms/l). Mean total IGF-1 off treatment was 658.6 +/- 56.1 micrograms/l and was reduced to a comparable extent with subcutaneous octreotide and Sandostatin LAR (466.0 +/- 59.7 and 448.6 +/- 59.5 micrograms/l respectively; both P < 0.05). Free IGF-1 off treatment was 3.1 +/- 0.6 micrograms/l and was reduced equally by subcutaneous octreotide and Sandostatin LAR (1.2 +/- 0.2 and 1.2 +/- 0.2 micrograms/l; both P < 0.05). IGFBP-3 was reduced to a greater extent during Sandostatin LAR than during subcutaneous octreotide (4518.2 +/- 247.3 vs 5132.8 +/- 280.7 micrograms/l; P < 0.05). Twenty-four hour urinary GH excretion was reduced to a comparable extent with both therapies. Highly significant positive correlations were found between mean 24 h GH levels and free IGF-1 (r = 0.66, P < 0.0001) and 24 h urinary GH excretion (r = 0.94, P < 0.0001). The relationships between mean 24 h GH levels and total IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 although significant showed less powerful correlations.
Conclusions: These results suggest that Sandostatin LAR is well tolerated and as effective as subcutaneous octreotide. In addition, urinary growth hormone and serum free IGF-1 may prove valuable for outpatient follow-up of acromegalic patients, as both correlate well with mean 24 h serum growth hormone levels.