Surgical simulation: an animal tissue model for training in therapeutic and diagnostic bronchoscopy

J Laryngol Otol. 1999 Feb;113(2):149-51. doi: 10.1017/s0022215100143415.


A series of surgical simulation exercises has been developed using an animal model to allow trainees to practise basic instrument handling and develop psychomotor skills in bronchoscopy, without risk to patients. A pig model was found to be most suitable. After suitable preparation the model can be used for diagnostic and therapeutic exercises in bronchoscopy, including lavage, biopsy and the removal of various foreign bodies. The model is a safe, inexpensive and convenient means of bronchoscopic training for otolaryngology trainees. For the trained specialist who has to remove bronchial foreign bodies infrequently, the model is a useful way of maintaining skills.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bronchoscopy / methods*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Education, Medical, Continuing / methods*
  • Fiber Optic Technology
  • Humans
  • Otolaryngology / education*
  • Swine