[A case of a traumatic anterior cerebral artery aneurysm following the penetration of the skull base by an iron rod]

No Shinkei Geka. 1999 Jun;27(6):583-9.
[Article in Japanese]

Abstract

A 61-year-old male fell from a position 1 m high when building a house. An iron rod, which protruded upward from a solid base in cement, penetrated this patient's neck 15 cm to the head and was successfully extracted by himself. On admission, he complained of headache and vomiting. General examination disclosed nasal bleeding, intraoral bleeding, and L figured skin laceration in the left side of his neck at the level of the thyroid cartilage. Mild disorientation (JCS2) was noted. Otolaryngological examination disclosed hyperemia on the left side of the vocal cord as well as at the dome of the superior pharynx. Plain skull film disclosed pneumocephalus and that a piece of bone fragment of the planum sphenoidale had penetrated the brain. CT demonstrated air in the subarachnoid space, ventricular hemorrhage, intracerebral hematoma in the right frontal lobe, and subarachnoid hemorrhage in the anterior interhemispheric fissure. CAG detected neither cerebral vascular abnormalities nor cerebral aneurysm. While staying in our department, he developed mild fever and CSF rhinorrhea. The diagnosis of bacterial meningitis was made from the CSF finding and was well controlled with conservative therapy. CSF rhinorrhea stopped spontaneously with conservative treatment. Sagittal MRI continuously demonstrated contusional hematoma in the base of the right frontal lobe just above the fractured planum sphenoidale and genu of the corpus callosum following the course of the intracranially invading iron rod. The right CAG on Day 10 demonstrated vasospasm on the A1 and a 1 cm sized saccular cerebral aneurysm at the proximal right fronto-polar artery. CAG on Day 17 again showed the persistent presence of the aneurysm. For the purpose of preventing delayed rupture of the aneurysm, radical surgical treatment was planned. Microsurgical dissection disclosed that the aneurysm was located just behind the elevated fracture of the planum sphenoidale. Severe arachnoid adhesion was noted around the aneurysm. The aneurysm was successfully clipped with preservation of the parent artery without inducing new neurological deficits. From the general, otolaryngological, neuroradiological, and operative findings, this aneurysm was diagnosed as a traumatic cerebral artery aneurysm following the penetration of the skull base by the iron rod. The CAG performed at 8 months postoperatively demonstrated the patency of the parent artery and that there was no recurrence of the aneurysm. An unusual case of a traumatic cerebral artery aneurysm following the penetration of the skull base by an iron rod was thus reported.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Occupational
  • Construction Materials
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Aneurysm / etiology*
  • Iron
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Skull Base / injuries*
  • Skull Fractures / complications*
  • Wounds, Penetrating / complications*

Substances

  • Iron