An immunohistochemical examination of the expression of E-cadherin, alpha- and beta/gamma-catenins, and alpha2- and beta1-integrins in invasive breast cancer

J Pathol. 1999 Apr;187(5):523-9. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-9896(199904)187:5<523::AID-PATH296>3.0.CO;2-3.


This study examines the expression of the cell-cell adhesion molecules E-cadherin and its associated proteins, the catenins and the matrix-cell adhesion molecules beta1- and alpha2-integrins, in primary invasive breast carcinoma. Expression was assessed immunohistochemically on frozen sections by semi-quantitative scoring of the intensity and proportion of immunoreactivity in 55 cases. Associations with each other and with other histological and prognostic features and survival were sought. There was a significant association between loss of E-cadherin expression and loss of alpha- and beta/gamma-catenin immunostaining. In 20 per cent of cases, membranous immunoreactivity with E-cadherin antibody was absent. Absent cytoplasmic expression of alpha- and beta/gamma-catenins was seen in 24 and 22 per cent of breast cancers, respectively. The intensity of reactivity with E-cadherin showed a significant association with histological grade (p=0.002) and tumour type (p<0.001). Lobular carcinomas frequently showed loss of expression of E-cadherin, as reported elsewhere; loss of catenin expression was also found in these tumours. alpha-catenin intensity also showed a relationship with grade (p=0.008) and with oestrogen receptor (ER) status (p=0.006). beta/gamma-catenin expression was not associated with other known prognostic factors. Forty-nine per cent and 42 per cent of cases showed no membrane immunostaining with beta1- and alpha2-integrin, respectively, and co-ordinated loss of beta1- and alpha2-integrin expression was found. Both beta1- and alpha2-integrin expression were associated with histological grade (p=0.003 and p=0.031, respectively) and beta1 immunoreactivity with tumour type (p=0.010). None of the variables examined showed a statistically significant association with tumour size or lymph node stage, or with overall survival, although a trend was seen (p=0.087) towards poorer survival of patients with tumours with absent or weak expression of beta1-integrin. The expression of these markers is of biological interest, but appears to be of little additional use in predicting clinical behaviour.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • Desmoplakins
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Integrin alpha2
  • Integrin beta1 / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Trans-Activators*
  • alpha Catenin
  • beta Catenin


  • Antigens, CD
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • CTNNA1 protein, human
  • CTNNB1 protein, human
  • Cadherins
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • Desmoplakins
  • Integrin alpha2
  • Integrin beta1
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • alpha Catenin
  • beta Catenin