Analysis of chromosomal imbalances in sporadic and NF1-associated peripheral nerve sheath tumors by comparative genomic hybridization

Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1999 Aug;25(4):362-9.


Peripheral nerve sheath tumors arise either sporadically or in association with neurofibromatosis type 1 (von Recklinghausen's neurofibromatosis, NF1) or type 2. In this study, comprehensive screening for relative chromosome copy number changes was performed on 10 benign and 19 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) by applying comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). In benign tumors, no chromosomal imbalances were found by CGH, whereas in MPNSTs chromosomal gains and losses were frequently detected. No differences regarding the frequency and distribution of chromosomal imbalances were observed between the 13 sporadic and 6 NF1-associated MPNSTs analyzed. In both, the number of gains was significantly higher than the number of losses, suggesting a predominant role of proto-oncogene activation during MPNST progression. Candidate regions with potentially relevant proto-oncogenes included chromosomal bands 17q24-q25, 7p11-p13, 5p15, 8q22-q24, and 12q21-q24; those with putative tumor suppressor genes were 9p21-p24, 13q14-q22, and 1p. High-level amplifications were restricted to sporadic tumors and affected eight different chromosomal subregions. In three of these MPNSTs, identical subregions on chromosomal arms 5p and 12q were coamplified. This study revealed a number of new characteristic chromosomal imbalances and provides a basis for molecular identification of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes of pathogenetic relevance in both sporadic and NF1-associated MPNSTs. Genes Chromosomes Cancer 25:362-369, 1999.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genes, Neurofibromatosis 1*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Sheath Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Mas