With improvements in the practice of transplantation and the introduction of new immunosuppressive medications, there has been a substantial increase in 1-year allograft survival rates. Consequently, the pool of potential candidates for organ transplants continues to grow and a greater preponderance of older patients with more comorbidities are undergoing transplantation. As a result, there is interest in such medical complications as posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) that develop after the transplantation of a successful allograft. PTDM is an undesirable consequence of transplantation because of its associated morbidity and impairment of both patient and graft survival. Although some controversy exists, it is likely that glucose intolerance after transplantation results in both macrovascular and microvascular disease, and there is an increasing risk for infectious and cardiovascular diseases, to which transplant recipients are already at increased susceptibility. Both experimental and clinical observations have shown that immunosuppressive agents currently used in transplantation account for a large degree of the increased risk for PTDM. Consequently, improved understanding of the effects of currently used immunosuppressive medicines on glycemic tolerance is of interest in clinical transplantation.