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. 1999 Jul;14(7):1859-63.
doi: 10.1093/humrep/14.7.1859.

In-vitro Matured metaphase-I Oocytes Have a Lower Fertilization Rate but Similar Embryo Quality as Mature metaphase-II Oocytes After Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

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In-vitro Matured metaphase-I Oocytes Have a Lower Fertilization Rate but Similar Embryo Quality as Mature metaphase-II Oocytes After Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

A De Vos et al. Hum Reprod. .

Abstract

About 4% of all the oocytes denuded prior to intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) are in metaphase-I (MI). Frequently, these oocytes achieve meiosis after a few hours of in-vitro culture and are available for ICSI on the day of oocyte retrieval. In this retrospective study, the aim was to evaluate the fertilization rate and the developmental capacity of these in-vitro matured MI oocytes. After controlled ovarian stimulation using human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) in 896 ICSI cycles, 1210 MI-to-MII-matured oocytes were injected approximately 4 h after in-vitro culture and 8803 MII oocytes were injected immediately, or later, after denudation. The fertilization rate of in-vitro matured oocytes was significantly lower than that of mature MII oocytes (52.7 and 70.8% respectively, P < 0.00l). Embryo quality was only slightly different as regards the numbers of good quality embryos: 47.4% good quality embryos were obtained in the in-vitro matured oocyte group, whereas 53.2% good quality embryos were obtained in the MII oocyte group (P < 0.05). The same proportions of excellent (5.7 and 7.0%, NS) and fair quality (17.6 and 15.3%, NS) embryos were obtained for in-vitro matured and mature oocytes respectively. Embryos derived from in-vitro matured oocytes were transferred only if they were of better quality or if there were not enough mature oocyte derived embryos available. Fifteen transfers involved only embryos derived from in-vitro matured oocytes: 11 single embryo transfers and four transfers of two embryos, resulting in one singleton pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby. It may be concluded that in cycles with few MII oocytes it might be worthwhile to inject in-vitro matured MI oocytes in order to increase the number of embryos available for transfer.

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