Hepatic cytochrome P450 and flavin-containing monooxygenase in male Nts:Mini rat, a transgenic rat carrying antisense RNA transgene for rat growth hormone

Toxicol Lett. 1999 Jun 1;106(2-3):159-69. doi: 10.1016/s0378-4274(99)00055-7.


We investigated the characteristics of hepatic cytochrome P450s and flavin-containing monooxygenase 1 (FMO1) in male Nts:Mini rats, a Wistar/Jcl-derived transgenic rat strain showing less plasma GH concentration than the parental strain. The total hepatic P450 contents of Mini rats were significantly reduced. A suppression was observed in the activities and protein expression of male-specific P450s (CYP3A and CYP2C11) and was speculated to be a potential cause of the reduction in total P450 contents. The activity and protein expression of CYP2B1 were suppressed and those of CYP2E1 and CYP2B2 were enhanced. With the exception of our data on CYP2B1, these results largely agreed with previous reports concerning GH-depletion rat models (hypophysectomized rats, rats neonatally treated with glutamate, and dwarf rats), implying that the changes in Mini rats were caused by GH insufficiency. The liver FMO1 protein expression in Mini rats was higher than that in Wistar rats but the activity was comparable, suggesting that GH is not a positive regulator of FMO expression. With their insufficient but not depleted levels of plasma GH, Mini rats may thus become another candidate for use in the investigation of GH regulation of hepatic mixed-function monooxygenases.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism*
  • Growth Hormone / deficiency*
  • Growth Hormone / genetics
  • Growth Hormone / physiology
  • Male
  • Microsomes, Liver / enzymology*
  • Oxygenases / metabolism*
  • RNA, Antisense / genetics*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Transgenes*


  • RNA, Antisense
  • Growth Hormone
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Oxygenases
  • dimethylaniline monooxygenase (N-oxide forming)