The potential costs of upcoding for heart failure in the United States

Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jul 1;84(1):108-9, A9. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00205-2.


Miscoding of hospital discharge diagnoses for heart failure in older adults is common, and the direction favors high levels of reimbursement to hospitals. The potential costs to Medicare may be as high as $993 million per year.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Diagnosis-Related Groups / classification
  • Diagnosis-Related Groups / economics*
  • Heart Failure / classification*
  • Heart Failure / economics*
  • Humans
  • Medicare / economics*
  • United States