Severe end of Opitz trigonocephaly (C) syndrome or new syndrome?

Am J Med Genet. 1999 Aug 27;85(5):438-46. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(19990827)85:5<438::aid-ajmg2>;2-a.


We report on four unrelated cases of an Opitz trigonocephaly (C)-like syndrome with a highly characteristic combination of facial anomalies including prominent metopic suture, exophthalmos, hypertelorism, cleft lip and palate, flexion deformities of the upper limbs and multiple other anomalies. We also review two very similar published cases formerly considered to have the C syndrome. Although there is overlap, a clinical distinction from the Opitz trigonocephaly and other syndromes seems possible, and thus a specific causal entity may be postulated.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / classification*
  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Craniofacial Abnormalities / classification*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Syndrome