The expression of tobacco knotted1-type class 1 homeobox genes correspond to regions predicted by the cytohistological zonation model

Plant J. 1999 May;18(4):337-47. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-313x.1999.00457.x.


We have isolated and characterized four tobacco homeobox genes, NTH1, NTH9, NTH20, NTH22 (Nicotiana tabacum homeobox) which belong to the class 1 knotted1-type family of homeobox genes. Comparison of the inferred amino acid sequences of the ELK homeodomains of these genes and previously reported kn1-type class 1 proteins has revealed that the four new tobacco genes belong to distinct subclasses, suggesting that each NTH gene may have distinct functions. Using in situ hybridization and by analysing the distribution of GUS activity in tobacco plants transformed with NTH promoter::GUS constructs, localized expression of the three NTH genes was observed in the shoot apical meristem (SAM). In the vegetative SAM, NTH1 and NTH15 showed overlapping expression in the corpus, NTH20 was expressed in the peripheral zone, and NTH9 was predominantly expressed in the rib zone. The expression patterns of the different NTH genes correspond to regions predicted by the cytohistological zonation model, suggesting that each NTH gene specifies the function of the SAM zone with which it is associated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Primers
  • Genes, Homeobox
  • Homeodomain Proteins / chemistry
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Plants, Toxic*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Tobacco / genetics*


  • DNA Primers
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Kn1 protein, plant
  • Plant Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB004785
  • GENBANK/AB025573
  • GENBANK/AB025713
  • GENBANK/AB025714
  • GENBANK/AB025715