Prevention of ultraviolet radiation-induced suppression of contact hypersensitivity by Aloe vera gel components

Int J Immunopharmacol. 1999 May;21(5):303-10. doi: 10.1016/s0192-0561(99)00012-0.


We have recently reported that Aloe vera gel contains small molecular weight immunomodulators, G1C2F1, that restore ultraviolet B (UVB)-suppressed accessory cell function of epidermal Langerhans cells (LC) in vitro. In the present study we evaluated the UVB-protective activity of G1C2F1 in vivo. Exposure of the shaved abdominal skin of mice to 2.4 KJ/m2 of UVB radiation resulted in suppression of contact sensitization through the skin to 41.1%, compared to normal unirradiated skin. Topical application of G1C2F1 immediately after irradiation reduced this suppression significantly. The percentage recovery of UVB-suppressed contact hypersensitivity (CHS) response was 52.3, 77.3, and 86.6% when the irradiated skin was treated once with 0.1, 0.5, and 2.5 mg/ml of G1C2F1-containing cream, respectively. G1C2F1 did not show nonspecific stimulatory activity on CHS response. The present study, together with the previous observation, show that Aloe vera gel contains small molecular weight immunomodulators that prevent UVB-induced immune suppression in the skin by restoration of UVB-induced damages on epidermal LC.

MeSH terms

  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / pharmacology*
  • Aloe*
  • Animals
  • Dermatitis, Contact / immunology*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Gels
  • Immunosuppression Therapy*
  • Langerhans Cells / drug effects
  • Langerhans Cells / immunology
  • Langerhans Cells / radiation effects
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Picryl Chloride
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Skin / drug effects
  • Skin / immunology
  • Skin / radiation effects
  • Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects*


  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • Gels
  • Plant Extracts
  • Picryl Chloride