Steroids and steroid-like compounds

Clin Sports Med. 1999 Jul;18(3):667-89, ix. doi: 10.1016/s0278-5919(05)70175-7.


Athletes have been searching for an "edge" in competition as long as there has been a reward for success. Anabolic-androgenic steroids have been the most popular of these ergogenic aids when winning is the only goal. The authors present a concise review of these substances, their prevalence, efficacy, adverse effects, and legality. This article also presents a steroid user profile and discusses physician perception and management of a patient who uses these drugs. The popular precursors of testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, and androstenedione are discussed with a review of the limited available data on these substances.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anabolic Agents* / adverse effects
  • Anabolic Agents* / metabolism
  • Anabolic Agents* / pharmacology
  • Androstenedione
  • Child
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone / metabolism
  • Dietary Supplements / adverse effects
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Health Education
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sports* / physiology
  • Substance-Related Disorders / complications
  • United States


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Androstenedione
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone