Objective: To examine the hypothesis of an association between a mtDNA D-loop Kpn I restriction site polymorphism (RSP) at base pair (bp) 16,133 (morph-1) and obesity in women.
Design: Comparisons of carriers and noncarriers of the mutation for BMI (Body Mass Index) levels and of the frequency of the mutation in obese and normal weight women.
Subjects: 567 unrelated adult Caucasian non-diabetic women from the HERITAGE Family Study (n = 63; BMI: 15-47 kg/m2), Quebec Family Study (QFS; 77 controls, BMI: 19-26 kg/m2 and 38 obese, BMI: 27-56 kg/m2) and Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) Study (81 controls, BMI: 18-26 kg/m2 and 308 obese, BMI: 33-58 kg/m2).
Measurements: BMI was calculated from weight and height (kg/m2). mtDNA was amplified between base pair 15,928 and 16,500 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and digested with the restriction endonuclease Kpn I.
Results: No significant differences in the age-adjusted BMI for the mtDNA D-loop Kpn I RSP at base pair (bp) 16,133 (morph-1) between carriers and non-carriers in the HERITAGE cohort. No significant association was found between BMI and the Kpn I RSP carrier status in the SOS and QFS cohorts. The observed frequencies for the Kpn I RSP were not significantly (P > 0.05) different between the SOS controls and SOS obese irrespective of the degree of severity of obesity (BMI > 40, > 45 or > 50 kg/m2).
Conclusion: We conclude that the mtDNA D-loop Kpn I RSP at bp 16,133 (morph-1) is not a determinant of human obesity.