Induction of apoptosis and differentiation in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells by the overexpression of Bin1, a novel Myc interacting protein

J Cell Biochem. 1999 Sep 1;74(3):313-22.


Bin1 is a novel protein that specifically binds Myc and inhibits, at least in part, Myc transactivation. Bin1 seems to play a role in cell cycle control, acting as a tumor suppressor gene. Since MYC family genes play a regulatory role in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of the nervous system, we studied the effects of the overexpression of the Myc-interacting protein, Bin1, in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cell lines, which were chosen as neural cell system models. The major effects of BIN1 overexpression observed in undifferentiated neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells were a significant reduction of cell growth, an increase in the G(0)/G(1) cell population and the induction of apoptosis. The trigger of programmed cell death by Bin1 is described for the first time. Bin1 overexpression in undifferentiated cells did not induce any maturation process as neither neuronal nor astrocyte differentiation markers were upregulated in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells, respectively. On the other side, the effects of Bin1 overproduction in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells committed towards neuronal and astrocyte differentiation, respectively, were different from those observed in undifferentiated cells. Although we did not evidence any triggering of programmed cell death, we did notice a further induction towards more differentiated phenotypes. Our studies suggest that Bin1 overexpression in neuroblastoma and astrocytoma cells can result in one of the following pathways: (1) suppressed cell proliferation, (2) induced differentiation, or (3) apoptosis. Thus, it appears that Bin1 operates through different pathways that involve activation of different genes: the chosen pathway however will depend on the proliferating or differentiated state of the cell.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Apoptosis*
  • Astrocytoma / metabolism*
  • Astrocytoma / pathology
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism*
  • Neuroblastoma / pathology
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins*


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • BIN1 protein, human
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins