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Review
, 881, 272-8

Participation of Imidazoline Receptors and alpha(2-)-adrenoceptors in the Central Hypotensive Effects of Imidazoline-Like Drugs

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Review

Participation of Imidazoline Receptors and alpha(2-)-adrenoceptors in the Central Hypotensive Effects of Imidazoline-Like Drugs

P Bousquet et al. Ann N Y Acad Sci.

Abstract

The central hypotensive effect of imidazoline-like drugs (IMs) involves non-adrenergic imidazoline receptors (IRs). IMs cause hypotension irrespective of their affinity and selectivity for one or the other alpha-adrenoceptor subtypes. LNP 509, which binds to I1Rs (Ki = 5.10(-7) M) but roughly not to alpha 2-adrenoceptors (A2Rs) (Ki > 10(-5) M), causes hypotension when injected alone into the brainstem. As far as hybrid drugs, that is, those with mixed binding profiles (I1/alpha 2), are concerned, a significant correlation was reported between their central hypotensive effect and their affinity for IRs. Imidazoline antagonists such as idazoxan competitively antagonized the centrally induced hypotensive effect of IMs. Yohimbine, an A2Rs antagonist, blocks the hypotensive effect of hybrids but usually in a noncompetitive manner. Mutation of A2Rs prevented the hypotensive effects of drugs highly selective for A2Rs, but also that of hybrids such as clonidine. These data indicate that triggering of the hypotensive effects of IMs (1) needs implication of IRs; (2) appears to be facilitated by additional activation of A2Rs; and (3) requires integrity of A2Rs along the sympathetic pathways.

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