The enrichment of fetal cells, in particular fetal erythroblasts from the blood of pregnant women offers a promising non-invasive alternative for prenatal diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to compare the retrieval of erythroblasts by different density gradients and different antibodies against erythroid surface antigens, in both a model test system and in blood samples of pregnant women. We enriched erythroblasts from artificial mixtures of cord and adult blood (1:50) and from 16 ml of peripheral blood from pregnant women at a mean gestational age of 14+2 weeks. The yield of erythroblasts was calculated and compared using Wilcoxon's matched-pairs signed-rank test. In the artificial mixture most erythroblasts were retrieved using the heaviest density gradient (specific density of 1119) followed by antibody-labelled magnetic cell sorting (MACS). With anti-GPA the yield of erythroblasts from the artificial mixture was highest (9362.5 erythroblasts) compared with anti-CD36 (5164.3), anti-i (3455.2), anti-CD71 (3055.8) and HAE9 (2364.2). The difference between anti-GPA and anti-CD71, HAE9 and anti-i was significant (p=0.0277). The enrichment of erythroblasts from peripheral blood of pregnant women showed similar results. The yield of erythroblasts using anti-GPA was the highest. These results enable us to simplify our enrichment protocols to a single density gradient of 1119 specific density followed by MACS, with anti-GPA.