Modern management of pulmonary embolism

Br J Surg. 1999 Jul;86(7):853-68. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2168.1999.01158.x.


Background: Pulmonary embolism is a significant cause of morbidity and death after operation. The introduction of new technologies in the diagnosis, and thrombolysis in the treatment, of pulmonary embolism has led to a need to reappraise the management of this condition.

Methods: This review encompasses a comprehensive discussion of diagnostic modalities and therapeutic strategies used in the current management of pulmonary embolism. Relevant papers on the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism were identified from a Medline search for the period 1967-1998. Additional papers were derived from the reference lists of retrieved articles. Articles presenting prospectively gathered data have been referenced preferentially.

Results and conclusion: Algorithms for the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism are presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Angiography
  • Anticoagulants / therapeutic use
  • Echocardiography
  • Embolectomy / methods
  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Embolism / diagnosis*
  • Pulmonary Embolism / surgery
  • Thrombolytic Therapy / methods
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Vena Cava Filters


  • Anticoagulants