Inhibition of aflatoxin-producing fungi by Welsh onion extracts

J Food Prot. 1999 Apr;62(4):414-7. doi: 10.4315/0362-028x-62.4.414.


Welsh onion ethanol extracts were tested for their inhibitory activity against the growth and aflatoxin production of Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. The survival of spores of A. flavus and A. parasiticus depended on both the extract concentration and the exposure time of the spores to the Welsh onion extracts. The mycelial growth of two tested fungi cultured on yeast extract-sucrose broth was completely inhibited in the presence of the Welsh onion ethanol extract at a concentration of 10 mg/ml during 30 days of incubation at 25 degrees C. The extracts added to the cultures also inhibited aflatoxin production at a concentration of 10 mg/ml or permitted only a small amount of aflatoxin production with extract concentration of 5 mg/ml after 2 weeks of incubation. Welsh onion ethanol extracts showed more pronounced inhibitory effects against the two tested aflatoxin-producing fungi than did the same added levels of the preservatives sorbate and propionate at pH values near 6.5.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aflatoxins / biosynthesis*
  • Allium / chemistry*
  • Aspergillus / drug effects
  • Aspergillus / metabolism*
  • Aspergillus / physiology
  • Aspergillus flavus / drug effects
  • Aspergillus flavus / metabolism
  • Food Preservatives / pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Propionates / pharmacology
  • Sorbic Acid / pharmacology
  • Spores, Fungal / drug effects
  • Spores, Fungal / physiology


  • Aflatoxins
  • Food Preservatives
  • Plant Extracts
  • Propionates
  • Sorbic Acid