In order to investigate genetic alterations specific to liver metastases of colorectal carcinomas, losses of heterozygosity and replication errors have been compared in 15 cases of primary colorectal carcinoma and in the corresponding metastatic liver tumours. Fifteen microsatellite markers located on 13 different chromosomal arms were used in the study. The LOH patterns of the primary and the metastatic tumours were identical in eight cases and showed differences in seven cases. Areas of deletion predominantly or completely common to the colorectal and the metastatic tumour were detected on chromosomes 5q, 8p, 17p, 18q, and 22q. Preferential loss in metastatic tumours was observed on chromosomal arm 3p. Replication errors were found in four primary tumours and in three of the corresponding secondaries. A replication error phenotype specific to a metastasis was not observed.
Copyright 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.