This is a study on associations between suicide mortality, unemployment, divorce rate and mean alcohol consumption during an economic cycle in Finland, from 1985 to 1995. Data on annual suicide mortality, gross domestic product, unemployment, divorce rate and mean alcohol consumption were collected from official Finnish statistics. Regression analyses using a correction for serial autocorrelation were performed. Suicide mortality in both males and females increased during an economic upswing from 1985 to 1990 and decreased during an economic recession from 1990 to 1995. Suicide mortality was not associated with unemployment or divorce rate. These results are opposed to those of many previous studies. However, a significant association was found between male suicide mortality and mean alcohol consumption, in accord with other studies. In conclusion, the results suggest diversity in associations between suicide mortality, socioeconomic factors and alcohol consumption.