1999 World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the management of hypertension. Guidelines sub-committee of the World Health Organization

Clin Exp Hypertens. 1999 Jul-Aug;21(5-6):1009-60. doi: 10.3109/10641969909061028.


The present Guidelines were prepared by the Guidelines Sub-Committee of the World Health Organization-International Society of Hypertension (WHO-ISH) Mild Hypertension Liaison Committee, the members of which are listed at the end of the text. These guidelines represent the fourth revision of the WHO-ISH Guidelines and were finalised after presentation and discussion at the 7th WHO-ISH Meeting on Hypertension, Fukuoka, Japan, 29th Sept-1st Oct, 1998. Previous versions of the Guidelines were published in Bull WHO 1993, 71:503-517 and J Hypertens 1993, 11:905-918.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Hypertension / therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • World Health Organization*


  • Antihypertensive Agents