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Review
. 1999 Apr;29(4):535-41.
doi: 10.1016/s0020-7519(99)00006-5.

Tick Paralysis: Development of a Vaccine

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Review

Tick Paralysis: Development of a Vaccine

S Masina et al. Int J Parasitol. .

Abstract

The paralysis tick of Australia, Ixodes holocyclus, causes a severe toxicosis in domestic animals such as dogs and cats, livestock, and in some cases, humans. It is characterised by a rapidly ascending flaccid paralysis. The causative agent of the toxicosis is a neurotoxin(s) produced in the tick salivary glands. The current treatment for tick paralysis is in the form of a polyclonal dog antiserum. This antiserum treatment is expensive and effective only in the early stages of paralysis. The aim of current research is to develop a recombinant veterinary vaccine based on the tick neurotoxin peptide sequence. A successful vaccine would provide cost-effective, long-term protective immunity against tick-induced paralysis.

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