Syndrome of microcephaly, Dandy-Walker malformation, and Wilms tumor caused by mosaic variegated aneuploidy with premature centromere division (PCD): report of a new case and review of the literature

J Hum Genet. 1999;44(4):219-24. doi: 10.1007/s100380050147.


We report a male infant with multiple congenital anomalies and mosaic variegated aneuploidy; a rare cytogenetic abnormality characterized by mosaicism for several different aneuploidies involving many different chromosomes. He had prenatal-onset growth retardation, microcephaly, dysmorphic face, seizures, hypotonia, feeding difficulty, and developmental delay. In addition, he developed bilateral Wilms tumors. Neuroradiological examination revealed Dandy-Walker malformation and hypoplasia of the cerebral hemisphere and pons. Cytogenetic analysis revealed various multiple numerical aneuploidies in blood lymphocytes, fibroblasts, and bone marrow cells, together with premature centromere division (PCD). Peripheral blood chromosome analysis from his parents also showed PCD, but no aneuploid cells. The clinical phenotype and multiple aneuploidies of the patient may be a consequence of the homozygous PCD trait inherited from his parents. Comparison with previously reported cases of multiple aneuploidy suggests that mosaic variegated aneuploidy with PCD may be a clinically recognizable syndrome with major phenotypes being mental retardation, microcephaly, structural brain anomalies (including Dandy-Walker malformation), and possible cancer predisposition.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnostic imaging
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aneuploidy
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Centromere*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromosome Aberrations*
  • Chromosome Disorders*
  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome / diagnostic imaging
  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome / genetics*
  • Facies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Kidney Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Kidney Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Microcephaly / diagnostic imaging
  • Microcephaly / genetics*
  • Mosaicism
  • Syndrome
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Wilms Tumor / diagnostic imaging
  • Wilms Tumor / genetics*