The prognostic value of preoperative promontory testing was evaluated in Japanese cochlear implant patients. Promontory testing consisted of measurement of electrical thresholds (T), uncomfortable level (UCL), dynamic range (DR), gap detection (GAP), and temporal difference limen (TDL). Patients' performances were measured at 3 months (n = 46) and 1 year (n = 20) postoperatively, using a standard Japanese audiologic test battery without lip-reading. This study included only postlingual deaf patients who received the Nucleus multichannel cochlear implant. Wide DRs at low frequencies (50,100,200 Hz) and good GAP detection (< 20 ms) emerged as excellent preoperative predictors of the 3-month postoperative performances (P < 0.05). In contrast, any measurements could not serve as a good predictor of the 1-year performances. These results suggest that the preoperative promontory testing provides useful information only for early postoperative performances but that it could not predict the final language performances.