Imaging of acute cerebral ischemia

Radiology. 1999 Aug;212(2):307-24. doi: 10.1148/radiology.212.2.r99au16307.


Until recently, there was no efficacious treatment for acute cerebral ischemia. As a result, the role of neuroimaging and the radiologist was peripheral in the diagnosis and management of this disease. The demonstration of efficacy using thrombolysis has redefined this role, with the success of intervention becoming increasingly dependent on timely imaging and accurate interpretation. The potential benefits of intervention have only begun to be realized. In this State-of-the-Art review of imaging of acute stroke, the role of imaging in the current and future management of stroke is presented. The role of computed tomography is emphasized in that it is currently the most utilized technique, and its value has been demonstrated in prospective clinical trials. Magnetic resonance techniques are equally emphasized in that they have the potential to provide a single modality evaluation of tissue viability and vessel patency in an increasingly rapid evaluation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Brain / blood supply
  • Brain Ischemia / diagnosis*
  • Brain Ischemia / drug therapy
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Male
  • Thrombolytic Therapy
  • Time Factors
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed*