Optical recording of cortical activity after in vitro perfusion of cerebral arteries with a voltage-sensitive dye

Brain Res. 1999 Aug 7;837(1-2):314-9. doi: 10.1016/s0006-8993(99)01712-6.


Cortical neuronal architecture and connectivity can be analyzed with high-resolution optical imaging after staining the in vitro isolated guinea pig brain preparation by circulating the voltage-sensitive dye RH795 via the arterial system. To establish this new technique, electrical field potentials evoked in the piriform and entorhinal cortices by lateral olfactory tract stimulation were correlated to the optical signal. The depth analysis of the optical response was performed by evaluating the contribution of the mono- and poly-synaptic components of the signal generated in different layers after applying a pair-pulse stimulation protocol. The tangential propagation of neuronal activity in olfactory cortices was evaluated by gathering several 4.2 x 4.2 mm images recorded from adjacent cortical areas. The real-time optical imaging technique applied to the isolated guinea pig brain can be successfully utilized to study the integrative properties of cortical neurons ensembles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cerebral Arteries / physiology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / cytology
  • Cerebral Cortex / physiology*
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Evoked Potentials / physiology*
  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Olfactory Bulb / physiology
  • Olfactory Pathways / physiology*
  • Perfusion
  • Styrenes*


  • Fluorescent Dyes
  • RH 795
  • Styrenes