Polymorphisms of the CYP1A1 and GSTM1 gene involved in oral squamous cell carcinoma in association with a cigarette dose

Oral Oncol. 1999 Mar;35(2):191-6. doi: 10.1016/s1368-8375(98)00094-3.


The genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1 and GSTM1 genes among 100 Japanese patients with oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) were investigated to evaluate the role of genetic susceptibility in carcinogenesis of the oral cavity. The presence of the rare homozygote of CYP1A1, m2/m2, was significantly more frequent in the patient group (15.0%) than the control group (8.0%) (Odds ratio (ORs) = 3.6 95% Confidential Interval (CI): 1.4-9.5). The heterozygotic variant, m1/m2, was also frequently seen in oral SCC patients. This meant that the m2 allele was observed in more than half of the patients. The null genotype of GSTM1 was found in 43.0% of the patient group. This was not significantly different from the controls (40.0%). When the life time cigarette consumption dose of the patients was considered with respect to genotypes of CYP1A1, the mean smoking index (SI) of oral SCC patients with m2/m2 was found to be less than half of the mean SI among the patients with m1/m1 genotype (P < 0.02). The ORs of the m2/m2 genotype was found to be significantly high in a comparison of various subsites of the oral cavity, except for the floor of the mouth. Our results indicate that the rare homozygote of CYP1A1, m2/m2, is associated with increased risk of oral SCC, in particular, at low cigarette dose levels. The results also suggested that the involvement of such susceptibility in oral carcinogenesis might be different between the subsites of the oral cavity.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Alleles
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / enzymology
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics*
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genotype
  • Glutathione Transferase / genetics*
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Mouth Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Smoking / adverse effects*


  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Glutathione Transferase