In 1992 the Core Assessment Program for Intracerebral Transplantations (CAPIT) was published providing the minimal requirements for a common patient evaluation protocol. Despite the intent, the program was thought to be too laborious to carry out in large scale trials, and it also lacked evaluations of cognitive functions and quality of life. Moreover, the CAPIT was designed for neural transplantation only and has not been revised since. Since then, pallidotomy and deep brain stimulation have emerged as additional treatment modalities but there exists no common tool for evaluation of, and between, the techniques. In 1996, within the framework of NECTAR (Network for European CNS Transplantation and Restoration), a dedicated program entitled "Neurosurgical Interventions in Parkinson's Disease" (NIPD) was funded by the European Union Biomed 2 program to develop a new Core Assessment Program for Surgical Interventional Therapies in PD (CAPSIT-PD) and to establish an European registry for patients with PD subjected to functional neurosurgery. This article presents the recommendations of this new program.