Dual-head gamma camera 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography in oncological patients: effects of non-uniform attenuation correction on lesion detection

Eur J Nucl Med. 1999 Aug;26(8):818-23. doi: 10.1007/s002590050454.


The purpose of this study was to evaluate a dual head coincidence gamma camera (DH-PET) equipped with single-photon transmission for 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) imaging in oncological patients. Forty-five patients with known or suspected malignancies, scheduled for a positron emission tomography (PET) scan, were first studied with a dedicated ring PET and subsequently with DH-PET. All patients underwent measured attenuation correction using germanium-68 rod sources for ring PET and caesium-137 sources for DH-PET. Ring PET emission scan was started 64+/-17 min after intravenous administration of 235+/-42 MBq FDG. DH-PET emission followed 160+/-32 min after i.v. FDG. Attenuation-corrected and non-attenuation-corrected images were reconstructed for ring PET and DH-PET. The image sets were evaluated independently by three observers blinded to clinical data and to results of conventional imaging. Attenuation-corrected ring PET as the standard of reference depicted 118 lesions, non-attenuation-corrected ring PET 113 (96%) lesions, and attenuation-corrected DH-PET and non-attenuation-corrected DH-PET, 101 (86%) and 84 (71%) lesions, respectively (P<0.05). The lesion detection rate of attenuation-corrected and non-attenuation-corrected DH-PET was almost similar for lesions >20 mm, whereas attenuation correction increased the detection rate from 60% to 80% for lesions </=20 mm (P<0.01). A patient-based analysis revealed concordant results relative to attenuation-corrected ring PET for non-attenuation-corrected ring PET, attenuation-corrected DH-PET and non-attenuation-corrected DH-PET in 42 (93%), 36 (80%) and 31 (69%) patients, respectively. Differences might have influenced patient management in two (4%), six (13%) and ten (22%) patients, respectively. In conclusion, measured attenuation correction markedly improves the lesion detection capability of DH-PET. With measured attenuation correction the diagnostic performance of DH-PET is closer to that of dedicated ring PET.

MeSH terms

  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18*
  • Gamma Cameras*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed* / instrumentation
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed* / methods


  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18