Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 94 (4), 1319-29

Ligation of CD31 (PECAM-1) on Endothelial Cells Increases Adhesive Function of alphavbeta3 Integrin and Enhances beta1 Integrin-Mediated Adhesion of Eosinophils to Endothelial Cells

Affiliations
  • PMID: 10438720

Ligation of CD31 (PECAM-1) on Endothelial Cells Increases Adhesive Function of alphavbeta3 Integrin and Enhances beta1 Integrin-Mediated Adhesion of Eosinophils to Endothelial Cells

R Chiba et al. Blood.

Abstract

We determined the role of the heterophilic interaction of alphavbeta3 integrin on endothelial cells with CD31 on leukocytes in mediating leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions. Preincubation of interleukin-4 (IL-4)-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with anti-CD31 monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) enhanced eosinophil adhesion to the IL-4-stimulated HUVECs, and the endothelial CD31-induced enhancement of eosinophil adhesion to IL-4-stimulated HUVECs was prevented by anti-vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) MoAb and anti-very late activation antigen-4 (VLA-4) MoAb, but not by anti-intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) MoAb, anti-lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) MoAb, anti-P-selectin MoAb, or anti-E-selectin MoAb. CD31 stimulation of HUVECs increased the adhesive function of alphavbeta3 integrin to its ligand RGD peptide, the binding of which reached a maximum at 10 minutes after the stimulation, and the CD31-induced alphavbeta3 integrin activation on HUVECs was inhibited by inhibitors of protein kinase C and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3-kinase). Furthermore, anti-alphavbeta3 integrin MoAb and RGD peptide as well as soluble CD31 inhibited endothelial CD31-induced enhancement of eosinophil adhesion to IL-4-stimulated HUVECs. However, anti-alphavbeta3 integrin MoAb had no significant inhibitory effect on the eosinophil adhesion to IL-4-stimulated or unstimulated HUVECs without CD31 stimulation of HUVECs. Finally, CD31 stimulation of eosinophils increased the adhesive function of alpha4beta1 integrin (VLA-4) to its ligand fibronectin and their adhesion to IL-4-stimulated HUVECs in a VLA-4-dependent manner. These results indicate that CD31-mediated inside-out signaling activates alphavbeta3 integrin on endothelial cells, that the heterophilic alphavbeta3 integrin/CD31 interaction induces beta1 integrin-mediated adhesion of eosinophils to endothelial cells, and that the heterophilic interaction itself is not significantly involved in firm adhesion of eosinophils to endothelial cells.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 16 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

Feedback