The National Lesbian Family Study: 2. Interviews with mothers of toddlers

Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1999 Jul;69(3):362-9. doi: 10.1037/h0080410.


In this second report from a longitudinal study of lesbian families in which the children were conceived by donor insemination, interviews yielded the following data: Most couples shared parenting co-equally; the majority felt closer to their family of origin; adoptive co-mothers felt greater legitimacy as parents; biology and nurture received the same ratings for mother-child bonding; and political and legal action had increased among many participants. The impact of these findings and that of homophobia on lesbian family life are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child, Preschool
  • Family / psychology*
  • Female
  • Homosexuality, Female / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Insemination, Artificial
  • Interview, Psychological
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mother-Child Relations*
  • Object Attachment
  • Parenting
  • United States