Objectives: The study assessed the value of the electrocardiogram (ECG) as predictor of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion site in relation to the first septal perforator (S1) and/or the first diagonal branch (D1) in patients with acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI).
Background: In anterior AMI, determination of the exact site of LAD occlusion is important because the more proximal the occlusion the less favorable the prognosis.
Methods: One hundred patients with a first anterior AMI were included. The ECG showing the most pronounced ST-segment deviation before initiation of reperfusion therapy was evaluated and correlated with the exact LAD occlusion site as determined by coronary angiography.
Results: ST-elevation in lead aVR (ST elevation(aVR)), complete right bundle branch block, ST-depression in lead V5 (ST depression(V5)) and ST elevation(V1) > 2.5 mm strongly predicted LAD occlusion proximal to S1, whereas abnormal Q-waves in V4-6 were associated with occlusion distal to S1 (p = 0.000, p = 0.004, p = 0.009, p = 0.011 and p = 0.031 to 0.005, respectively). Abnormal Q-wave in lead aVL was associated with occlusion proximal to D1, whereas ST depression(aVL) was suggestive of occlusion distal to D1 (p = 0.002 and p = 0.022, respectively). For both the S1 and D1, inferior ST depression > or = 1.0 mm strongly predicted proximal LAD occlusion, whereas absence of inferior ST depression predicted distal occlusion (p < or = 0.002 and p < or = 0.020, respectively).
Conclusions: In anterior AMI, the ECG is useful to predict the LAD occlusion site in relation to its major side branches.