Identification of an extracellular agent [correction of catalyst] of carbon tetrachloride dehalogenation from Pseudomonas stutzeri strain KC as pyridine-2, 6-bis(thiocarboxylate)

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 Aug 11;261(3):562-6. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1999.1077.


Pseudomonas stutzeri strain KC was originally characterized as having, under iron-limiting conditions, novel carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) dehalogenation activity, specifically, a net conversion of CCl(4) to CO(2). The exact pathway and reaction mechanisms are unknown, but chloroform is not an intermediate and thiophosgene and phosgene have been identified as intermediates in trapping experiments. Previous work by others using cell-free preparations has shown that cell-free culture supernatants that have been passed through a low-molecular-weight cutoff membrane can confer rapid CCl(4) transformation ability upon cultures of bacteria which otherwise show little or no reactivity toward CCl(4). We used a cell-free assay system to monitor the complete purification of compounds showing CCl(4) degradation activity elaborated by iron-limited cultures of strain KC. Electrospray tandem mass spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, and comparisons with synthetic material have identified pyridine-2,6-bis(thiocarboxylate) as a metabolite of strain KC which has CCl(4) transformation activity in the presence of chemical reductants, e.g., titanium[III] citrate or dithiothreitiol, or actively growing bacterial cultures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Carbon Dioxide / metabolism
  • Carbon Tetrachloride / metabolism*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Citric Acid / pharmacology
  • Dithiothreitol / pharmacology
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Pseudomonas / chemistry
  • Pseudomonas / metabolism*
  • Pyridines / analysis
  • Pyridines / chemistry
  • Pyridines / metabolism*
  • Titanium / pharmacology


  • Pyridines
  • pyridine-2,6-bis(thiocarboxylic acid)
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Citric Acid
  • Carbon Tetrachloride
  • Titanium
  • Dithiothreitol