Gene order breakpoint evidence in animal mitochondrial phylogeny

J Mol Evol. 1999 Aug;49(2):193-203. doi: 10.1007/pl00006542.


Multiple genome rearrangement methodology facilitates the inference of animal phylogeny from gene orders on the mitochondrial genome. The breakpoint distance is preferable to other, highly correlated but computationally more difficult, genomic distances when applied to these data. A number of theories of metazoan evolution are compared to phylogenies reconstructed by ancestral genome optimization, using a minimal total breakpoints criterion. The notion of unambiguously reconstructed segments is introduced as a way of extracting the invariant aspects of multiple solutions for a given ancestral genome; this enables a detailed reconstruction of the evolution of non-tRNA mitochondrial gene order.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromosome Inversion
  • Chromosome Mapping*
  • DNA, Mitochondrial / genetics*
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Gene Rearrangement*
  • Genome*
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / genetics*
  • Phylogeny*


  • DNA, Mitochondrial