Primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy for early-onset glaucoma in Sturge-Weber syndrome

Ophthalmology. 1999 Aug;106(8):1621-7. doi: 10.1016/S0161-6420(99)90462-1.


Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy in the management of early-onset glaucoma associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS).

Design: Retrospective noncomparative case series.

Participants: Ten eyes of nine patients were included in this study. All patients with SWS who underwent primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy from January 1993 through December 1996 were included. One patient had bilateral surgery.

Intervention: Primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy.

Main outcome measures: Pre- and postoperative intraocular pressures (IOPs), corneal clarity and diameters, visual acuities, success rate, bleb characteristics, time of surgical failure (if any), and complications.

Results: The mean preoperative IOP was 28.2 mmHg +/- 7.35 mmHg with medication (mean, 1.2 +/- 0.6; range, 0-2). The mean postoperative IOP was 11.8 mmHg +/- 1.8 mmHg, with a mean percent reduction of 55.8 +/- 12.6 in IOP (P < 0.0001). All eyes maintained a postoperative IOP < 16 mmHg without medication over a mean follow-up of 27.6 +/- 16.4 months (range, 12-64 months). Normal corneal clarity was achieved in all eight eyes that had corneal edema. There were no significant intraoperative complications. Postoperatively, one patient developed a shallow anterior chamber with choroidal detachment, which was successfully managed conservatively.

Conclusion: Primary combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy is safe, effective, and sufficiently predictable to be considered the first choice of surgical treatment in early-onset glaucoma associated with SWS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cornea / physiology
  • Female
  • Glaucoma / etiology
  • Glaucoma / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Safety
  • Sturge-Weber Syndrome / complications*
  • Trabeculectomy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity