Purpose: To refine and develop systems for classifying the topography of myopic corneas using axial, instantaneous, refractive, and profile difference maps.
Setting: Baylor College of Medicine, Cullen Eye Institute Houston, Texas, USA.
Methods: Using the EyeSys Corneal Analysis System, computerized videokeratographs of 153 corneas of 78 myopic patients were retrospectively analyzed. Patterns were defined with respect to the mid-dioptric green color. Relationships among pattern types, refractive power, corneal power, corneal uniformity index (CU index), and predicted corneal visual acuity (PC acuity) were calculated.
Results: Six types of patterns for axial, instantaneous, and refractive maps and 3 types of patterns for the profile difference map were defined. For a given cornea, there was a weak correlation among the patterns in the axial, instantaneous, and profile difference maps. The circular with central irregularity pattern in auto-scale refractive maps and the irregular pattern in profile difference maps and axial maps were correlated with lower CU index and PC acuity values. Clinical classification of instantaneous maps did not contribute substantially to the information provided by axial maps.
Conclusion: Patterns of computerized videokeratographs varied according to the type of topographic map. The classification systems used provide a baseline for analyzing the response of the cornea to various interventions.