Purpose: To compare the corneal topographic changes after temporal and superolateral 3.0 mm clear corneal incisions (CCIs) and implantation of foldable silicone intraocular lenses (IOLs).
Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Vienna, Austria, and a private clinic, Winterthur, Switzerland.
Methods: This prospective study comprised 54 eyes of 54 patients scheduled for cataract surgery. After a 0.3 mm deep precut, a temporal 3.0 mm CCI was made in 26 eyes and a superolateral (at 10:30) 3.0 mm CCI in 28 eyes. Corneal topography was recorded preoperatively and 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively using the TMS-1 computer-assisted videokeratoscope (Computed Anatomy, Inc.). Surgically induced corneal shape changes were evaluated by batch-by-batch analyses of the paired differences between the records. The significance of topographic changes was calculated by the paired Wilcoxon test; group comparisons were made using the Wilcoxon group comparison test.
Results: Both groups had incision-related corneal flattening at 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively. The extent of this flattening at 1 week and 1 and 3 months postoperatively was up to 1.0, 0.9, and 0.7 diopter (D), respectively, in the temporal group and up to 1.2 D at each observation time in the superolateral group. There was statistically significantly more incision-related corneal flattening in the superolateral incision group than in the temporal incision group; the difference was up to 0.3 D after 1 month and 0.5 D after 3 months.
Conclusion: The superolateral incision induced statistically significantly more incision-related corneal flattening than the temporal incision.