The Na(+)/dicarboxylate cotransporter of the renal proximal tubule, NaDC-1, reabsorbs Krebs cycle intermediates, such as succinate and citrate, from the tubular filtrate. Although long-term regulation of this transporter by chronic metabolic acidosis and K(+) deficiency is well documented, there is no information on acute regulation of NaDC-1. In the present study, the transport of succinate in Xenopus oocytes expressing NaDC-1 was inhibited up to 95% by two activators of protein kinase C, phorbol 12-myristate, 13-acetate (PMA) and sn-1, 2-dioctanoylglycerol (DOG). Activation of protein kinase A had no effect on NaDC-1 activity. The inhibition of NaDC-1 transport by PMA was dose-dependent, and could be prevented by incubation of the oocytes with staurosporine. Mutations of the two consensus protein kinase C phosphorylation sites in NaDC-1 did not affect inhibition by PMA. The inhibitory effects of PMA were partially prevented by cytochalasin D, which disrupts microfilaments and endocytosis. PMA treatment was also associated with a decrease of approximately 30% in the amount of NaDC-1 protein found on the plasma membrane. We conclude that the inhibition of NaDC-1 transport activity by PMA occurs by a combination of endocytosis and inhibition of transport activity.