Forty-one patients were analyzed after surgical treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures. The following parameters served as the outcome measure: (1) duration of wearing cast, (2) length of hospital stay, (3) outpatient treatment, (4) time of absence from work, (5) complications, (6) re-rupture rate, (7) subjective evaluation by patients, (8) scar condition, (9) ability to stand on tiptoes, (10) Thompson test, (11) movement of talocrural joint, (12) circumference data of lower extremity, (13) radiographs, (14) power measurement of the ankle (in kg), (15) ultrasound examination, (16) blood cholesterol levels, (17) scoring by Trillat's score. Surgical treatment achieved an excellent or good outcome in 91% of patients as evidenced by the Trillat score. Furthermore, cholesterol levels were found to be elevated in 83% of patients. Given the good results, surgical treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures is recommended, but patients of status post-Achilles tendon rupture should be checked for high cholesterol levels. In the future, controlled, prospective trials need to prove a correlation between Achilles tendon rupture and a pathological blood lipid status.