The Biology of Epstein-Barr Virus: Lessons Learned From the Virus and the Host

Curr Opin Immunol. 1999 Aug;11(4):365-70. doi: 10.1016/S0952-7915(99)80062-4.

Abstract

Recent studies indicate that a large proportion of cytotoxic T cells are directed towards the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) during both acute infection and convalescence. The virus, in turn, has usurped cellular pathways to promote proliferation of infected cells and has pirated cellular genes into its genome to modulate the immune system to allow lifelong infection of humans. Analysis of the immune response to the virus is leading to novel therapies for EBV-associated malignancies, including the use of virus-specific cytotoxic T cell infusions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigen Presentation
  • Apoptosis
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Cytokines / physiology
  • Herpesvirus 4, Human / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Lymphocyte Activation
  • T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology
  • Virus Latency

Substances

  • Cytokines