Small terminal deletion of 1p and duplication of 1q: cytogenetics, FISH studies, and clinical observations at newborn and at age 16 years

Am J Med Genet. 1999 Sep 10;86(2):118-23. doi: 10.1002/(sici)1096-8628(19990910)86:2<118::aid-ajmg6>;2-s.


A small, extra chromosome segment added to 1p was found by Q-banding 16 years ago in a newborn baby with low birth weight, short stature, wide open fontanelle, small palpebral fissures, depressed nose bridge, and inguinal hernia. This chromosome abnormality has been characterized recently with G-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization using multiple DNA probes. The karyotype is now described as 46,XY, der(1)(qter-->p36.13::q42.3-->qter), representing a small deletion of 1p36.13-pter and a small duplication of 1q42.3-qter. Re-examination of this patient at age 16 years showed marked psychomotor delay, severely accentuated dorsal kyphosis and scoliosis, pectus excavatum, and other anomalies but no clinical signs of neuroblastoma. Comparison of the clinical findings in this case with those described in the patients having either a deletion of 1p36-pter or a duplication of 1q42-qter further illustrated the complexity of the genotype-phenotype relationship.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Chromosome Aberrations* / pathology
  • Chromosome Banding
  • Chromosome Deletion
  • Chromosome Disorders*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics*
  • Cytogenetics
  • Gene Duplication
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Karyotyping
  • Male