Resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse. The laparoscopic approach

Surg Endosc. 1999 Sep;13(9):862-4. doi: 10.1007/s004649901120.


Background: Resection rectopexy through open laparotomy is an established procedure for the treatment of rectal prolapse.

Methods: Resection rectopexy was successfully performed in 10 multiparous women by the laparoscopic approach (LAP), and the results were compared to those of eight women with laparotomy resection rectopexy (OPEN). Preoperative and postoperative assessment included anorectal manometry, defecography, and measurement of large-bowel transit.

Results: The duration of the operation was longer in the LAP than in the OPEN group (p < 0.01). Morbidity was lower (p < 0.01) and hospital stay was shorter (p < 0.001) after the LAP than in the OPEN group. Prolapse was cured in all cases. Postoperatively, anal resting and squeeze pressures and rectal compliance increased significantly in both groups of patients (p = 0.007, p = 0.003, and p < 0.001, respectively). In all patients, the operation resulted in acceleration of large-bowel transit (p < 0.001) and in more obtuse anorectal angles at rest (p = 0.007). In addition, sampling events were observed more commonly (p = 0.008) postoperatively. Preoperatively, incontinence was present in 13 patients (seven LAP and six OPEN) and persisted in four of them after rectopexy (two LAP and two OPEN).

Conclusions: Resection rectopexy for rectal prolapse can be performed safely via the laparoscopic route. Recovery is uneventful and of shorter duration after the laparoscopic than after the open approach. Similarly satisfactory functional results are obtained with both procedures.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anal Canal / physiopathology
  • Defecography
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gastrointestinal Transit
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Laparotomy
  • Length of Stay
  • Manometry
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Rectal Prolapse / diagnostic imaging
  • Rectal Prolapse / physiopathology
  • Rectal Prolapse / surgery*
  • Rectum / physiopathology
  • Rectum / surgery*