Translating the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet from research to practice: dietary and behavior change techniques. DASH Collaborative Research Group

J Am Diet Assoc. 1999 Aug;99(8 Suppl):S90-5. doi: 10.1016/s0002-8223(99)00422-8.


The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) clinical trial demonstrated that a diet that emphasizes fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, includes whole grains, nuts, fish, and poultry, and is reduced in fats, red meats, sweets, and sugar-containing beverages can be highly effective in lowering blood pressure. The National High Blood Pressure Education Program now suggests the DASH diet for preventing and managing hypertension. For persons modifying their diets, the DASH diet offers varied choices. However, simultaneously modifying several dimensions of a diet can be challenging, even for knowledgeable and motivated persons. Persons who are uncertain about modifying their diet may become overwhelmed by the needed dietary changes. Dietitians and other health care practitioners can help patients adopt the DASH diet by exploring possible ambivalence, increasing motivation, and strengthening commitment to change; encouraging patients to select dietary modifications that will fit their lifestyle; and, finally, offering information about how to change their eating behavior. In this article, we offer dietary advice and counseling suggestions for tailoring interventions to match patients' readiness for adopting the DASH diet.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Behavior*
  • Blood Pressure
  • Diet*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diet therapy*
  • Motivation
  • Multicenter Studies as Topic
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic*