Patient classification systems, Part 1: The third generation

J Nurs Adm. Jul-Aug 1999;29(7-8):49-56. doi: 10.1097/00005110-199907000-00013.


In part 1 of this series, the authors review the evolution of patient classification system (PCS) utilization and describe a third-generation PCS model (3PCS) that focuses on optimizing the patient-caregiver process for the outcomes of cost, health, and caregiver satisfaction. Part 2 (September 1999) will review the implementation of 3 PCS in a large urban hospital. Project rationale, methods for developing and implementing the system, key system components, advantages of the new system, and obstacles to implementation will be presented.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Caregivers / standards
  • Caregivers / supply & distribution
  • Health Care Reform
  • History, 20th Century
  • Humans
  • Models, Organizational
  • Nursing Assessment*
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / standards
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital / supply & distribution*
  • Patients / classification*
  • Personnel Staffing and Scheduling Information Systems*
  • Severity of Illness Index*
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • United States
  • Workload