A comparison of drop jump training methods: effects on leg extensor strength qualities and jumping performance

Int J Sports Med. 1999 Jul;20(5):295-303. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-971134.


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two drop jump (DJ) training methods on the strength qualities of the leg extensors and vertical jumping performance. Thirty-five males were allocated to either a control group or one of two training groups, required to perform 72-90 DJ per week for 6 weeks: DJ for maximum rebound height (DJ-H) or DJ for maximum height and minimum ground contact time (DJ-H/t). The subjects were tested before and after the training on leg extensor function for maximum strength and speed-strength under concentric and stretch-shortening cycle muscular actions, and on vertical jumps from a standing position and a run-up. ANOVA with repeated measures showed that a 20% gain in reactive strength (RS) for the DJ-H/t group was significantly greater (p < 0.05) than the other groups, however, this did not transfer to vertical jumping performance. The DJ-H group did not achieve a significant training effect. It was concluded that DJ-H/t method was effective for the development of RS, but training with DJ-H was not intense and/or specific enough to stimulate gains in strength qualities of the leg extensors or jumping performance.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise*
  • Humans
  • Leg
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
  • Physical Endurance / physiology
  • Physical Fitness / physiology*