Alcohol intake and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 1999 May;8(3):353-7. doi: 10.1097/00041552-199905000-00013.


Recent studies reinforce the consistent finding of a J-shaped inverse association between alcohol and cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality, primarily as a result of the underlying association between alcohol and coronary heart disease. The most plausible mechanism behind this effect is through increases in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. All types of alcoholic beverage reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, suggesting that ethanol is responsible for the protective effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking*
  • Alcoholic Beverages
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Risk Factors


  • Lipids