The effect of foot massage on patients' perception of care following laparoscopic sterilization as day case patients

J Adv Nurs. 1999 Aug;30(2):460-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2648.1999.01101.x.


This randomized-controlled study examined the effects of foot massage on patients' perception of care received following surgery. The sample of 59 women who underwent laparoscopic sterilization as day case patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The experimental group received a foot massage and analgesia post-operatively, whilst the control group received only analgesia post-operatively. Each participant was asked to complete a questionnaire on the day following surgery. This examined satisfaction, memory and analgesia taken. The 76% response rate was comparable with other patient satisfaction studies following day-case surgery. Statistical analysis showed no overall significant difference in the pain experienced by the two groups; however, the mean pain scores recorded following surgery showed a significantly different pattern over time, such that the experimental group consistently reported less pain following a foot massage than the control group. This study has attempted to explore the use of foot massage in a systematic way and is therefore a basis for further study.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Surgical Procedures / nursing
  • Analysis of Variance
  • England
  • Female
  • Foot
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / nursing
  • Massage*
  • Mental Recall
  • Pain Measurement
  • Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control*
  • Patient Satisfaction*
  • Postoperative Care / nursing*
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Sterilization, Tubal / nursing*