Regarding the database for the Peniston alpha-theta EEG biofeedback protocol

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback. 1998 Dec;23(4):265-72; 273-5. doi: 10.1023/a:1022265716026.


Five papers by Peniston and colleagues, which constitute the basic literature for alpha-theta EEG biofeedback treatment for alcoholism and posttraumatic stress disorder, are reviewed. As a result, we raise three questions: (a) Are the samples studied independent? (b) What was the clinical status of the participants prior to treatment? (c) What treatment did the participants actually receive? In seeking answers to these questions we aim to strengthen the database for neurofeedback with specific procedural information so that claims of efficacy can be tested and accepted or rejected on an objective basis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism / psychology
  • Alcoholism / therapy
  • Alpha Rhythm* / psychology
  • Biofeedback, Psychology / methods*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Humans
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy
  • Theta Rhythm* / psychology